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  • Climate overview page

    1. Subzone/variant climate analysis

    2. Subzone/variant climate data

    2. Subzone/variant codes and names

     

     

    1. Subzone/variant climate analysis

    Discriminant analysis
    Since many climate variables may be relevant in determining species ranges and tree species composition, we use a canonical discriminant analysis approach to quantify and differentiate subzones/variants. This method builds new variables by linear combinations of original climate variables, so that the variance among subzones/variants is maximized. In addition, non-linear combinations of various climate variables are included (e.g. temperature divided by precipitation as an indicator of dryness). The plot below shows the first two combination-variables that mainly express gradients in continentality (horizontal) and moisture/temperature (vertical). Click on any location on the map to view more detail (with labels for subzones/variants). Two more important combination variables that distinguish the sub-boreal ecosystems in the third and fourth dimention are not shown here.


    Click on any zone on the map to view subzone/variant labels.

     

     

    2. Subzone/variant climate data

    Climate variables for subzones/variants were derived using ClimateBC.

    Area - millions of ha
    EL - lower elevation limit (m)
    EU - upper elevation limit (m)
    MAT - mean annual temperature (°C)
    MWMT - mean warmest month temperature (°C)
    MCMT - mean coldest month temperature (°C)
    TD - differential between MWMT and MCMT
    MAP - mean annual precipitation (mm)
    MSP - mean summer precipitation (mm)
    AHM - annual heat:moisture index
    SMH - summer heat:moisture index

     

    Jump to AT BG BWBS CDF CWH ESSF ICH IDF MH MS PP SBPS SBS SWB zone

     

    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    AT
    16.86
    -1.9
    9.1
    -12.5
    21.6
    1959
    643
    6
    18
     
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    BG xh1
    0.06
    276
    869
    7.7
    19.2
    -4.3
    23.5
    307
    127
    58
    152
    BG xh2
    0.08
    247
    716
    6.9
    18.7
    -6.0
    24.8
    268
    125
    64
    152
    BG xh3
    0.03
    314
    741
    5.2
    16.9
    -8.0
    24.9
    368
    192
    41
    89
    BG xw1
    0.09
    373
    961
    5.3
    16.4
    -6.5
    22.9
    352
    155
    44
    109
    BG xw2
    0.06
    409
    1045
    4.5
    16.0
    -8.5
    24.5
    392
    214
    37
    75
    BG mean
    0.32
    5.9
    17.4
    -6.7
    24.1
    337
    163
    49
    115
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    BWBS dk1
    2.66
    395
    1219
    -0.5
    12.7
    -15.0
    27.7
    455
    220
    22
    60
    BWBS dk2
    1.41
    445
    1076
    -1.8
    13.8
    -19.0
    32.8
    477
    250
    17
    56
    BWBS mw1
    3.61
    478
    1042
    0.9
    14.7
    -14.4
    29.1
    505
    308
    22
    48
    BWBS mw2
    6.88
    286
    1064
    -0.7
    15.3
    -18.1
    33.4
    496
    327
    19
    47
    BWBS vk
    0.07
    94
    625
    2.8
    14.2
    -10.0
    24.2
    1297
    403
    11
    41
    BWBS wk1
    0.30
    889
    1246
    2.3
    14.1
    -9.8
    23.9
    734
    390
    17
    36
    BWBS wk2
    0.31
    872
    1215
    0.5
    13.7
    -12.4
    26.0
    555
    371
    19
    37
    BWBS wk3
    0.14
    745
    1235
    -0.1
    13.2
    -12.9
    26.1
    587
    398
    17
    33
    BWBS mean
    15.38
    0.4
    14.0
    -14.0
    27.9
    638
    333
    18
    45
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    CDF mm
    0.25
    0
    265
    9.8
    16.9
    3.4
    13.6
    1038
    198
    20
    89
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    CWH dm
    0.51
    3
    716
    8.7
    16.7
    1.4
    15.3
    1864
    408
    10
    42
    CWH ds1
    0.27
    11
    1209
    6.6
    15.9
    -2.7
    18.6
    1665
    329
    10
    50
    CWH ds2
    0.08
    22
    1221
    4.0
    13.7
    -6.0
    19.7
    1181
    262
    13
    57
    CWH mm1
    0.15
    106
    795
    7.8
    16.2
    0.9
    15.3
    2531
    402
    8
    43
    CWH mm2
    0.23
    497
    1106
    6.9
    15.3
    0.4
    14.9
    3096
    447
    6
    36
    CWH ms1
    0.50
    399
    1359
    4.1
    14.0
    -5.3
    19.3
    1941
    411
    8
    36
    CWH ms2
    0.13
    0
    694
    6.1
    14.3
    -1.6
    15.9
    2157
    511
    8
    29
    CWH vh1
    0.47
    0
    647
    8.6
    14.4
    3.7
    10.6
    2894
    608
    7
    25
    CWH vh2
    1.67
    0
    664
    7.7
    14.0
    2.3
    11.7
    3254
    859
    6
    17
    CWH vm
    0.58
    3
    1088
    4.8
    13.7
    -4.1
    17.8
    3017
    737
    5
    20
    CWH vm1
    2.00
    3
    741
    7.8
    14.8
    1.7
    13.1
    2976
    624
    7
    27
    CWH vm2
    1.24
    381
    1155
    6.5
    14.8
    -0.6
    15.5
    3416
    733
    5
    22
    CWH vm3
    0.07
    349
    1091
    3.4
    11.8
    -4.4
    16.2
    3024
    724
    5
    17
    CWH wh1
    0.56
    1
    400
    7.5
    14.0
    2.1
    11.9
    1878
    473
    10
    31
    CWH wh2
    0.08
    201
    624
    6.4
    13.2
    1.1
    12.1
    2876
    668
    6
    21
    CWH wm
    0.34
    4
    953
    4.5
    13.6
    -5.2
    18.7
    2087
    604
    8
    25
    CWH ws1
    0.25
    7
    774
    5.2
    14.9
    -4.8
    19.7
    1452
    357
    11
    43
    CWH ws2
    0.67
    198
    1236
    2.4
    12.3
    -7.8
    20.1
    1522
    374
    9
    35
    CWH xm1
    0.45
    1
    523
    9.3
    17.0
    2.4
    14.6
    1427
    285
    14
    62
    CWH xm2
    0.50
    13
    742
    8.3
    16.1
    1.5
    14.6
    2087
    355
    9
    49
    CWH mean
    11.00
    6.5
    14.6
    -1.0
    15.7
    2256
    494
    9
    37
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    ESSF dc1
    0.17
    1414
    2051
    1.9
    12.8
    -8.3
    21.1
    808
    341
    15
    38
    ESSF dc2
    0.24
    1344
    1952
    2.1
    12.7
    -8.2
    20.8
    942
    316
    14
    42
    ESSF dk
    1.04
    1346
    2231
    0.7
    12.4
    -10.7
    23.1
    1061
    401
    11
    32
    ESSF dkp
    0.18
    2003
    2815
    -0.5
    11.4
    -11.8
    23.2
    1164
    462
    9
    26
    ESSF dv
    0.11
    1111
    2097
    0.9
    10.7
    -8.5
    19.3
    922
    251
    14
    44
    ESSF mc
    1.14
    923
    1646
    0.8
    11.6
    -10.4
    22.0
    845
    307
    13
    39
    ESSF mk
    0.20
    817
    1662
    1.0
    10.8
    -9.4
    20.2
    1500
    381
    8
    30
    ESSF mm
    0.41
    996
    2093
    0.3
    11.4
    -10.7
    22.1
    1183
    499
    9
    24
    ESSF mv1
    0.20
    1130
    1707
    0.8
    11.1
    -10.9
    22.1
    642
    303
    17
    37
    ESSF mv2
    0.56
    1044
    1686
    1.6
    13.2
    -9.6
    22.8
    877
    430
    13
    31
    ESSF mv3
    1.17
    1000
    1596
    0.5
    12.0
    -11.0
    23.0
    753
    332
    14
    36
    ESSF mv4
    0.77
    977
    1682
    -0.5
    11.9
    -12.2
    24.0
    602
    345
    16
    35
    ESSF mw
    0.40
    1020
    1926
    2.3
    12.6
    -7.4
    20.0
    1599
    360
    8
    38
    ESSF vc
    0.34
    1098
    1990
    0.6
    11.8
    -10.5
    22.3
    1598
    500
    7
    24
    ESSF vcp
    0.15
    1750
    2317
    -0.2
    10.6
    -10.9
    21.5
    1630
    540
    6
    20
    ESSF wc1
    0.17
    1300
    1750
    2.5
    13.9
    -8.4
    22.3
    1057
    393
    12
    36
    ESSF wc2
    0.94
    1222
    2073
    1.1
    12.0
    -9.9
    21.8
    1273
    491
    9
    26
    ESSF wc3
    0.27
    1356
    1945
    0.5
    11.1
    -10.1
    21.2
    1177
    474
    9
    24
    ESSF wc4
    0.75
    1353
    2109
    1.4
    12.6
    -9.1
    21.8
    1284
    449
    9
    29
    ESSF wcp
    0.17
    1824
    2340
    -0.1
    11.2
    -10.8
    22.0
    1659
    561
    6
    20
    ESSF wk1
    0.64
    1090
    1862
    1.3
    11.8
    -9.7
    21.5
    1032
    457
    11
    26
    ESSF wk2
    1.18
    1020
    1724
    1.0
    12.7
    -10.4
    23.1
    1310
    478
    9
    27
    ESSF wm
    0.48
    1376
    2193
    1.3
    13.0
    -10.0
    23.0
    1132
    358
    10
    38
    ESSF wmp
    0.14
    1917
    2578
    -0.2
    12.2
    -11.1
    23.3
    1352
    433
    7
    29
    ESSF wv
    1.81
    498
    1679
    0.1
    11.5
    -11.3
    22.8
    1066
    366
    10
    33
    ESSF xc
    0.24
    1446
    2129
    1.5
    12.2
    -8.2
    20.4
    794
    304
    15
    41
    ESSF xv1
    0.31
    1086
    2106
    -0.4
    9.4
    -10.8
    20.3
    845
    246
    12
    40
    ESSF xv2
    0.14
    1533
    2080
    -0.3
    9.5
    -10.3
    19.8
    726
    267
    14
    36
    ESSF mean
    14.32
    0.8
    11.8
    -10.0
    21.8
    1101
    394
    11
    32
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    ICH dk
    0.04
    813
    1311
    3.2
    14.3
    -9.0
    23.3
    680
    282
    20
    51
    ICH dw
    0.43
    441
    1372
    5.5
    17.0
    -6.0
    23.0
    723
    248
    22
    70
    ICH mc1
    0.53
    147
    1207
    3.2
    13.9
    -7.9
    21.8
    817
    316
    17
    45
    ICH mc2
    0.35
    36
    1125
    3.9
    14.6
    -7.5
    22.0
    712
    292
    20
    51
    ICH mk1
    0.32
    754
    1601
    3.7
    15.0
    -7.7
    22.7
    694
    278
    20
    56
    ICH mk2
    0.06
    868
    1511
    4.0
    15.2
    -7.7
    22.9
    588
    261
    24
    59
    ICH mk3
    0.11
    776
    1293
    2.9
    13.9
    -9.0
    22.8
    694
    317
    19
    44
    ICH mm
    0.10
    742
    1528
    1.9
    13.6
    -10.1
    23.7
    769
    307
    16
    45
    ICH mw1
    0.14
    752
    1569
    2.5
    14.5
    -10.1
    24.6
    790
    249
    16
    62
    ICH mw2
    1.13
    350
    1633
    4.4
    15.8
    -7.2
    23.0
    832
    309
    18
    53
    ICH mw3
    0.49
    349
    1384
    4.1
    15.4
    -7.9
    23.3
    775
    315
    19
    51
    ICH vc
    0.14
    246
    1049
    2.5
    13.5
    -9.1
    22.6
    746
    278
    17
    49
    ICH vk1
    0.25
    548
    1443
    2.1
    13.5
    -9.8
    23.3
    1175
    362
    11
    39
    ICH vk2
    0.11
    623
    1373
    2.8
    14.1
    -9.7
    23.8
    885
    378
    15
    38
    ICH wc
    0.10
    67
    959
    2.1
    13.4
    -10.6
    24.0
    848
    288
    15
    47
    ICH wk1
    0.56
    543
    1535
    2.5
    14.0
    -9.3
    23.3
    1084
    373
    12
    40
    ICH wk2
    0.18
    727
    1280
    2.9
    14.0
    -9.1
    23.2
    677
    308
    20
    46
    ICH wk3
    0.09
    641
    1322
    3.0
    14.2
    -9.5
    23.7
    801
    353
    17
    41
    ICH wk4
    0.06
    813
    1289
    2.4
    13.2
    -9.2
    22.4
    716
    326
    17
    41
    ICH xw
    0.05
    430
    1401
    6.7
    18.1
    -5.0
    23.2
    569
    196
    30
    94
    ICH mean
    5.24
    3.3
    14.6
    -8.6
    23.1
    779
    302
    18
    51
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    IDF dk1
    0.57
    886
    1591
    3.7
    14.6
    -7.1
    21.7
    462
    193
    30
    77
    IDF dk2
    0.35
    634
    1496
    3.9
    14.6
    -7.0
    21.7
    601
    203
    24
    74
    IDF dk3
    0.93
    786
    1487
    3.3
    14.4
    -8.9
    23.2
    451
    230
    30
    63
    IDF dk4
    0.40
    900
    1459
    2.4
    13.5
    -9.9
    23.4
    378
    206
    34
    67
    IDF dm1
    0.17
    545
    1551
    4.7
    15.9
    -6.4
    22.3
    506
    208
    30
    78
    IDF dm2
    0.31
    747
    1231
    4.8
    16.9
    -8.1
    25.1
    474
    212
    32
    81
    IDF dw
    0.11
    679
    1361
    1.7
    11.9
    -9.3
    21.2
    563
    164
    22
    75
    IDF mw1
    0.14
    358
    1342
    5.2
    16.5
    -6.5
    23.0
    555
    239
    28
    71
    IDF mw2
    0.19
    347
    1298
    5.5
    16.9
    -6.6
    23.5
    553
    233
    28
    74
    IDF ww
    0.13
    129
    1220
    5.3
    16.0
    -5.6
    21.6
    916
    194
    18
    86
    IDF xh1
    0.25
    345
    1361
    6.0
    17.3
    -5.7
    23.0
    442
    183
    37
    96
    IDF xh2
    0.27
    376
    1247
    5.0
    16.3
    -6.9
    23.2
    422
    196
    36
    85
    IDF xm
    0.25
    429
    1254
    3.8
    15.1
    -9.0
    24.1
    387
    213
    36
    72
    IDF xw
    0.07
    639
    1277
    4.0
    15.4
    -8.4
    23.8
    336
    169
    42
    92
    IDF mean
    4.14
    4.2
    15.4
    -7.5
    22.9
    503
    203
    31
    78
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    MH mm1
    1.76
    447
    1539
    3.5
    12.4
    -4.6
    17.0
    3657
    819
    4
    18
    MH mm2
    1.28
    584
    1716
    1.4
    11.0
    -8.4
    19.4
    1925
    495
    6
    24
    MH wh
    0.19
    232
    1077
    5.0
    12.6
    -1.6
    14.2
    4668
    1123
    3
    11
    MH mean
    3.23
    3.3
    12.0
    -4.9
    16.9
    3417
    812
    4
    18
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    MS dc1
    0.05
    977
    1868
    0.9
    10.9
    -9.3
    20.2
    759
    200
    15
    55
    MS dc2
    0.04
    1067
    1966
    -0.1
    9.6
    -10.2
    19.8
    752
    215
    14
    47
    MS dk
    0.57
    866
    1638
    2.7
    14.5
    -9.5
    24.0
    703
    271
    19
    56
    MS dm1
    0.25
    867
    1739
    3.2
    14.2
    -7.4
    21.6
    643
    267
    21
    54
    MS dm2
    0.35
    1105
    1766
    3.0
    13.7
    -7.5
    21.3
    656
    245
    21
    57
    MS dv
    0.04
    1325
    1763
    -0.2
    9.9
    -11.4
    21.4
    960
    235
    10
    43
    MS xk
    0.55
    1258
    1881
    2.5
    13.2
    -7.8
    20.9
    527
    222
    25
    60
    MS xv
    0.89
    1183
    1740
    0.3
    10.8
    -11.3
    22.1
    537
    254
    20
    44
    MS mean
    2.74
    1.5
    12.1
    -9.3
    21.4
    692
    239
    18
    52
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    PP dh1
    0.01
    502
    1090
    6.3
    17.8
    -5.7
    23.4
    530
    217
    31
    83
    PP dh2
    0.07
    744
    1025
    5.9
    18.2
    -7.1
    25.2
    418
    197
    38
    92
    PP xh1
    0.11
    341
    1037
    7.4
    18.7
    -4.4
    23.2
    352
    151
    50
    126
    PP xh2
    0.14
    163
    1034
    6.2
    17.7
    -6.2
    23.9
    348
    133
    47
    138
    PP mean
    0.33
    6.5
    18.1
    -5.9
    23.9
    412
    175
    42
    110
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    SBPS dc
    0.43
    833
    1260
    1.9
    12.9
    -10.6
    23.5
    504
    262
    24
    49
    SBPS mc
    0.30
    898
    1250
    1.7
    12.4
    -10.5
    22.9
    515
    206
    23
    61
    SBPS mk
    0.58
    871
    1371
    2.5
    13.5
    -9.4
    22.8
    540
    270
    23
    50
    SBPS xc
    1.09
    945
    1536
    1.5
    12.3
    -10.5
    22.8
    411
    195
    29
    66
    SBPS mean
    2.40
    1.9
    12.8
    -10.3
    23.0
    493
    233
    25
    57
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    SBS dh1
    0.07
    712
    1278
    2.5
    14.1
    -10.0
    24.1
    643
    269
    20
    53
    SBS dh2
    0.01
    810
    1269
    0.7
    12.3
    -11.8
    24.0
    898
    373
    12
    34
    SBS dk
    1.24
    506
    1125
    2.3
    13.4
    -10.3
    23.8
    509
    219
    25
    62
    SBS dw1
    0.39
    605
    1348
    3.5
    14.5
    -8.9
    23.5
    577
    277
    24
    53
    SBS dw2
    0.43
    634
    1187
    3.2
    14.4
    -9.3
    23.7
    550
    272
    24
    54
    SBS dw3
    0.89
    634
    1017
    2.2
    13.5
    -10.3
    23.8
    610
    267
    21
    52
    SBS mc1
    0.04
    1055
    1444
    2.0
    12.7
    -9.4
    22.1
    735
    333
    17
    38
    SBS mc2
    2.20
    644
    1344
    1.8
    12.9
    -10.4
    23.3
    626
    255
    19
    51
    SBS mc3
    0.33
    903
    1268
    1.5
    12.2
    -10.9
    23.1
    565
    268
    20
    46
    SBS mh
    0.11
    453
    785
    4.6
    16.1
    -9.1
    25.2
    535
    259
    27
    62
    SBS mk1
    1.39
    645
    1166
    2.0
    13.7
    -10.9
    24.6
    682
    279
    18
    50
    SBS mk2
    0.39
    669
    1076
    1.9
    14.5
    -12.0
    26.5
    528
    237
    23
    62
    SBS mm
    0.07
    988
    1498
    2.3
    13.1
    -9.1
    22.2
    695
    316
    18
    42
    SBS mw
    0.20
    641
    1155
    3.0
    14.0
    -9.2
    23.2
    653
    318
    20
    45
    SBS un
    0.30
    73
    1358
    2.1
    13.3
    -10.0
    23.3
    500
    196
    26
    72
    SBS vk
    0.46
    615
    1247
    2.5
    13.9
    -9.9
    23.8
    949
    373
    13
    38
    SBS wk1
    0.85
    607
    1259
    2.4
    13.9
    -10.4
    24.3
    825
    339
    15
    41
    SBS wk2
    0.47
    671
    1160
    1.6
    13.9
    -11.3
    25.1
    701
    309
    17
    46
    SBS wk3
    0.47
    688
    1206
    1.8
    13.3
    -10.8
    24.2
    605
    266
    20
    51
    SBS mean
    10.31
    2.3
    13.7
    -10.2
    23.9
    652
    286
    20
    50
     
    BEC unit
    Area
    EL
    EU
    MAT
    MWMT
    MCMT
    TD
    MAP
    MSP
    AHM
    SHM
    SWB dk
    0.07
    572
    1257
    -0.9
    11.9
    -13.6
    25.5
    1013
    560
    10
    24
    SWB mk
    3.01
    823
    1668
    -1.5
    11.4
    -13.6
    25.1
    639
    375
    14
    31
    SWB un
    4.10
    885
    1712
    -2.0
    10.8
    -14.9
    25.7
    613
    283
    13
    39
    SWB vk
    0.13
    284
    1088
    0.4
    12.6
    -12.9
    25.5
    2502
    908
    6
    19
    SWB mean
    7.31
    -1.0
    11.7
    -13.8
    25.5
    1192
    532
    11
    28

     

     

     

     

    1. Subzone/variant codes and names

    ZoneBEC UnitSubzone nameVariant name
       
    Alpine Tundra   
     ATunUndifferentiated-
     
    Bunch Grass
     BG xh 1 Very Dry HotOkanagan
    BG xh 2Very Dry HotThompson
    BG xh 3Very Dry HotFraser
    BG xw 1Very Dry WarmNicola
    BG xw 2Very Dry WarmAlkali
     
    Boreal Black and White Spruce
     BWBS dk 1Dry CoolStikine
    BWBS dk 2Dry CoolLiard
    BWBS mw 1Moist WarmPeace
    BWBS mw 2Moist WarmFort Nelson
    BWBS vkVery Wet Cool-
    BWBS wk 1Wet CoolMurray
    BWBS wk 2Wet CoolGraham
    BWBS wk 3Wet CoolKledo
     
    Coastal Douglas-fir
     CDF mmMoist Maritime-
     
    Coastal Western Hemlock
     CWH dmDry Maritime-
    CWH ds 1Dry SubmaritimeSouthern
    CWH ds 2Dry SubmaritimeCentral
    CWH mm 1Moist MaritimeSubmontane
    CWH mm 2Moist MaritimeMontane
    CWH ms 1Moist SubmaritimeSouthern
    CWH ms 2Moist SubmaritimeCentral
    CWH vh 1Very Wet HypermaritimeSouthern
    CWH vh 2Very Wet HypermaritimeCentral
    CWH vmVery Wet Maritime-
    CWH vm 1Very Wet MaritimeSubmontane
    CWH vm 2Very Wet MaritimeMontane
    CWH vm 3Very Wet MaritimeCentral
    CWH wh 1Wet HypermaritimeSubmontane
    CWH wh 2Wet HypermaritimeMontane
    CWH wmWet Maritime-
    CWH ws 1Wet SubmaritimeSubmontane
    CWH ws 2Wet SubmaritimeMontane
    CWH xm 1Very Dry MaritimeEastern
    CWH xm 2Very Dry MaritimeWestern
     
    Engelmann Spruce - Subapline Fir  
     ESSF dc 1Dry ColdOkanagan
    ESSF dc 2Dry ColdThompson
    ESSF dkDry Cool-
    ESSF dkpDry Cool Parkland-
    ESSF dvDry Very Cold-
    ESSF mcMoist Cold-
    ESSF mkMoist Cool-
    ESSF mmMoist MildRaush
    ESSF mv 1Moist Very ColdNechako
    ESSF mv 2Moist Very ColdBullmoose
    ESSF mv 3Moist Very ColdOmineca
    ESSF mv 4Moist Very ColdGraham
    ESSF mwMoist Warm-
    ESSF vcVery Wet Cold-
    ESSF vcpVery Wet Cold Parkland-
    ESSF wc 1Wet ColdColumbia
    ESSF wc 2Wet ColdNorthern Monashee
    ESSF wc 3Wet ColdCariboo
    ESSF wc 4Wet ColdSelkirk
    ESSF wcpWet Cold Parkland-
    ESSF wk 1Wet CoolCariboo
    ESSF wk 2Wet CoolMisinchinka
    ESSF wmWet Mild-
    ESSF wmpWet Mild Parkland-
    ESSF wvWet Very Cold-
    ESSF xcVery Dry Cold-
    ESSF xv 1Very Dry Very ColdWest Chilcotin
    ESSF xv 2Very Dry Very ColdBig Creek
     
    Interior Cedar - Hemlock  
     ICH dkDry Cool-
    ICH dwDry WarmWest Kootenay
    ICH mc 1Moist ColdNass
    ICH mc 2Moist ColdHazelton
    ICH mk 1Moist CoolKootenay
    ICH mk 2Moist CoolThompson
    ICH mk 3Moist CoolHorsefly
    ICH mmMoist Mild-
    ICH mw 1Moist WarmGolden
    ICH mw 2Moist WarmColumbia-Shuswap
    ICH mw 3Moist WarmThompson
    ICH vcVery Wet Cold-
    ICH vk 1Very Wet CoolMica
    ICH vk 2Very Wet CoolSlim
    ICH wcWet Cold-
    ICH wk 1Wet CoolWells Gray
    ICH wk 2Wet CoolQuesnel
    ICH wk 3Wet CoolGoat
    ICH wk 4Wet CoolCariboo
    ICH xwVery Dry Warm-
     
    Interior Douglas-fir
     IDF dk 1Dry CoolThompson
    IDF dk 2Dry CoolCascade
    IDF dk 3Dry CoolFraser
    IDF dk 4Dry CoolChilcotin
    IDF dm 1Dry MildKettle
    IDF dm 2Dry MildKootenay
    IDF dwDry Warm-
    IDF mw 1Moist WarmOkanagan
    IDF mw 2Moist WarmThompson
    IDF wwWet Warm-
    IDF xh 1Very Dry HotOkanagan
    IDF xh 2Very Dry HotThompson
    IDF xmVery Dry Mild-
    IDF xwVery Dry Warm-
     
    Mountain Hemlock  
     MH mm 1Moist MaritimeWindward
    MH mm 2Moist MaritimeLeeward
    MH whWet HypermaritimeWindward
     
    Montane Spruce  
     MS dc 1Dry ColdBridge
    MS dc 2Dry ColdTatlayoko
    MS dkDry Cool-
    MS dm 1Dry MildOkanagan
    MS dm 2Dry MildThompson
    MS dvDry Very Cold-
    MS xkVery Dry Cool-
    MS xvVery Dry Very Cold-
     
    Ponderosa Pine  
     PP dh 1Dry HotKettle
    PP dh 2Dry HotKootenay
    PP xh 1Very Dry HotOkanagan
    PP xh 2Very Dry HotThompson
     
    Sub-boreal Pine – Spruce  
     SBPS dcDry Cold-
    SBPS mcMoist Cold-
    SBPS mkMoist Cool-
    SBPS xcVery Dry Cold-
     
    Sub-Boreal – Spruce
     SBS dh 1Dry HotMcLennan
    SBS dh 2Dry HotRobson
    SBS dkDry Cool-
    SBS dw 1Dry WarmHorsefly
    SBS dw 2Dry WarmBlackwater
    SBS dw 3Dry WarmStuart
    SBS mc 1Moist ColdMoffat
    SBS mc 2Moist ColdBabine
    SBS mc 3Moist ColdKluskus
    SBS mhMoist Hot-
    SBS mk 1Moist CoolMossvale
    SBS mk 2Moist CoolWilliston
    SBS mmMoist Mild-
    SBS mwMoist Warm-
    SBS unUndifferentiated-
    SBS vkVery Wet Cool-
    SBS wk 1Wet CoolWillow
    SBS wk 2Wet CoolFinlay-Peace
    SBS wk 3Wet CoolTakla
     
    Spruce – Willow – Birch
     SWB dkDry Cool-
    SWB mkMoist Cool-
    SWB unUndifferentiated-
    SWB vkVery Wet Cool-